Manganese supplementation in animal nutrition.
The role of trace minerals in animal production is an area of strong interest for producers, feed manufactures, veterinarians and scientists. The function of enzymes and hormones is essentially linked to trace minerals. In this issue of our technical bulletin, we will talk about one of the most important trace minerals : Manganese – Mn.
Manganese is an activator of enzyme systems in the metabolism of carbohydrate, fats, protein and nucleic acids. Mn has a vital role in reproduction, cholesterol synthesis. Mn is also required for synthesis of the steroids, estrogen, progesterone and testosterone. Insufficient steroid production results in decreased circulating concentrations of these reproductive hormones resulting in abnormal sperm in males and irregular estrus cycles in females.
Manganese in Ruminant nutrition
Manganese is an essential dietary element for ruminants. Ruminants have an effective homeostatic control for Mn levels in blood and tissues and Mn retention by the animal depends on the amount excreted from the bile into the intestine. High dietary Ca levels reduce the availability of Mn in cattle. Deficiencies in manganese are reflected in reduced growth, skeletal deformities, poor fertility and birth defects in newborn calves.
Manganese in Poultry nutrition
Manganese plays a significant role in the chicken’s body in the formation of chondroitin sulfate. This mucopolysaccharide is an important component of bone cartilage. Deficiencies of manganese in poultry will result in perosis, bone shortening and bowing and in poor eggshell quality in laying hens.
Manganese in Swine nutrition
Mn is important in enzyme production and the development of bone. It is also required for normal reproductive function. Deficiencies are reported to be associated with lameness, irregular oestrus, delayed sexual maturity and weak pigs at birth.
Manganese in Aqua nutrition
Research shows that optimal trace mineral nutrition is one path to improve production. Fish, shrimp and other aquatic species require trace minerals such as zinc, manganese, copper, iron and selenium for basic metabolic functions, such as growth and development, immunity and reproduction.
By using ‘Real Chelate Manganese’ of Società San Marco, optimum Manganese supplementation in the feed is provided. Our real chelate minerals are stable across the digestive tract and allows efficient transport across the intestinal wall. Its unique chemical structure makes it even more bioavailable. These chelates utilize a methionine or glycine ligand to deliver optimized stability. With our intensive experience and knowledge, we are producing methionates under our ‘Power Line’ category and also glycinates under our ‘Force Line’ category.
Manganese Power is an organic Manganese trace mineral supplement in which Manganese and Methionine are complexed through full ring real chelation to form a highly bioavailable and essential source of supplementation required to support many biological functions.
Manganese Force is an organic Manganese trace mineral supplement in which Manganese and glycine are complexed through full ring real chelation to form a highly bioavailable and essential source of supplementation required to support many biological functions.
* This bulletin has been prepared by Società San Marco Technical&Marketing team to share our experience, knowledge and technical works with our sectoral partners.